You and I may undergo dental cleaning, scaling, and polishing while we sit awake in the dental chair, but our companions require general anesthesia for this. Protecting your pets airway from the amount of water required for thorough cleansing, as well as the ability to correctly position your pets mouth for detailed xrays of each tooth, makes general anesthesia necessary. The guidelines and requirements for monitoring, diagnostic blood testing, pain control, fluid support, and post anesthesia recovery care are the same for dentistry as it is for any other surgical procedure.